Writing Compelling Introductions and Conclusions for PSLE English Composition

An intriguing introduction and a satisfying conclusion can make or break a composition, especially in the context of the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) English paper. The Ministry of Education (MOE) Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board (SEAB) PSLE English syllabus highlights the importance of both these aspects, recognizing that they frame the narrative and leave lasting impressions on the reader.

Let’s dissect the significance of introductions and conclusions in PSLE English compositions, and discuss some effective strategies for crafting compelling beginnings and endings.

The Importance of Introductions and Conclusions:

The introduction serves as the gateway to your composition, drawing the reader into your narrative. It sets the tone, introduces the characters and setting, and provides a glimpse into the plot. An engaging introduction not only captures the reader’s attention but also creates a desire to read on.

On the other hand, the conclusion provides closure to your narrative. It ties up loose ends, resolves conflicts, and leaves the reader with a sense of completion. A well-written conclusion can solidify the impact of your narrative and leave the reader with a lasting impression.

Writing Compelling Introductions:

Creating an engaging introduction is an art that can be cultivated. Here are some techniques that students can employ:

  1. Start with a Hook: This could be a thought-provoking statement, an intriguing question, a vivid description, or an exciting action. The aim is to pique the reader’s interest and make them curious about the rest of the narrative.
  2. Introduce the Setting and Characters: Provide enough details to help the reader visualize the scene and the characters without overwhelming them with information. It’s crucial to strike a balance between description and action.
  3. Hint at the Conflict: Without giving away too much, hint at the central conflict that drives your narrative. This creates a sense of suspense that entices the reader to continue reading.

Crafting Satisfying Conclusions:

Writing an effective conclusion requires a different set of skills. Here are some strategies:

  1. Resolve the Conflict: Every story revolves around a central conflict. The conclusion is where this conflict needs to be resolved, providing a sense of closure.
  2. Show Character Development: Highlight how the events of the narrative have impacted the characters, showing their growth or change.
  3. Leave a Lasting Impression: The final lines of your composition can leave a lasting impression on the reader. This could be a thought-provoking statement, a poignant moment, or a cliffhanger that leaves the reader wondering.

Alignment with MOE SEAB PSLE English Syllabus:

The MOE SEAB PSLE English syllabus emphasizes the need for students to demonstrate competence in different aspects of writing, including crafting effective introductions and conclusions. Students are encouraged to use a variety of sentence structures, vocabulary, and literary devices to enhance their narrative. Practice in writing introductions and conclusions aligns with these objectives and can significantly boost a student’s performance in the PSLE English paper.


The ability to write compelling introductions and conclusions is not just essential for acing the PSLE English examinations; it is a critical skill that will prove beneficial throughout a student’s academic journey and beyond. Developing this skill requires practice, patience, and perseverance. With consistent effort, students can craft introductions and conclusions that not only meet the PSLE English syllabus requirements but also captivate readers and enhance the overall narrative.

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