Punggol English Enrichment: Machu Picchu

English Enrichment Course for Punggol this week goes to Peru.

Machu Picchu is a 15th Century Inca citadel located 2.4km above sea level in Cusco, Peru. Discovered by American historian Hiram Bingham, it is the first major historical archeological discovery to be recorded and documented in photography and presented to the world in 1911.

2430m above sea level and built to withstand erosion
Machu Picchu, Peru reconstructed

Information of Machu Picchu:

  1. constructed for the Inca emperor Pachacuti 1438-72
  2. was not known, abondoned and spared destruction of Spanish Conquest
  3. discovered by Hiram Bingham
  4. mistaken to be the Lost City of the Incas
  5. declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site 1983
  6. New Seven Wonders of the World
  7. built 2430m above sea level
  8. located in the centre of 4 significant mountains
  9. sophisticated architecture with hidden underground water run off
  10. water run off prevent erosion and protects Machu Picchu

Vocabulary List for Machu Picchu

  1. heritage
  2. citadel
  3. succession
  4. inheritance
  5. ruins
  6. terraced
  7. granite
  8. torrent
  9. magnificent
  10. Mountainous
  11. spanish
  12. conquest
  13. Incan
  14. stonework
  15. stylistic
  16. spatial
  17. alignment
  18. religious
  19. relic
  20. excavate
  21. site
  22. deface
  23. Peruvian
  24. artefact
  25. sanctuary
  26. expedition
  27. tourist
  28. Archeological
  29. national identity
  30. shrouded in mystery

 

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